Seasonal Occurrence: Common fall through spring; uncommon in summer. Profile by Bryce Loschen: The Ruddy Turnstone is the calico cat of shorebirds. They will use beaches, mudflats, and freshwater shorelines as rest stops during migration, which makes Bolivar Flats a near guarantee for a Ruddy Turnstone sighting (and sometimes dozens!). Free shipping . During the winter, they get their insect and crustacean food from shorelines and fields, often turning over rocks, shells and marine debris to find the food beneath – hence their common name of turnstone. These long-distance migrants breed in the arctic tundra, but spend the off seasons on rocky shorelines and sandy beaches on both North American coasts (as well as South America, Eurasia, Africa, and Australia). Ruddy Turnstones – 450,000; Black Turnstones – 95,000; Do Turnstones have any natural predators? Family: (Scolopacidae) Sandpipers, Phalaropes and Allies. In flight there is a distinctive black and white pattern. Ruddy Turnstones in flight As their name implies, the Ruddy Turnstone is renowned for using their bill to turn over stones, shells, rocks and seaweed when searching for food. Parents have been recorded pretending to have a broken wing in order to lure predators away from their nests. Young. The bill is wedge-shaped and slightly up-tilted. Feeds on invertebrates. These birds are monogamous and remain with the same mate for the entire breeding season. Both parents tend young at first, but female usually leaves after about 2 weeks, leaving male to care for them; young find all their own food. Where does it live? Young can make short flights after about 23 days, can fly well at about 28-30 days. This stocky shorebird is medium in size and distinguishable in flight by their white back, rump, upper tail coverts, wing bar and patch on the inner wing. Their bill is stout and slightly upturned, therefore perfectly outfitted for this feeding behavior. Juveniles look similar to nonbreeding birds, but have rusty edges to the feathers. In the breeding season, both males and females have bright orange legs, an orange-and-black patterned back, white belly, and black-and-white face. The ruddy turnstone is a circumpolar annual breeder on Arctic and subarctic tundra, mainly north of 60° N, making it one of the most northerly-breeding wader species. When all are hatched, the entire family moves to areas with food resources. The nonbreeding plumage resembles the breeding plumage, but replaced with brown rather than the distinct orange and black. Until 2011, the Nihoa Millerbird was found only on Nihoa Island. They will often eat carrion and eggs of seabirds like curlews. The Ruddy Turnstone is a stocky medium-sized wader with short orange-red legs. They breed in the Arctic tundra along rocky shorelines and in North American tundra among bodies of water such as marshes and ponds. 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