[3] For more on how communities sharing a common faith form in diaspora locations, see:   Cara Aitchison, Peter Hopkins, & Mei-po Kwan (eds.) [2], Traditionally, the relationship between geography and religion can clearly be seen by the influences of religion in shaping cosmological understandings of the world. Aldershot, England ; Burlington, VT, Ashgate. For instance, convergence may form in a given region as minority cultures adapt to a dominant culture. A more contemporary approach to the study of the intersections of geography and religion not only highlights the role of religion in affecting landscape changes and in assigning sacred meanings to specific places, but also acknowledges how in turn, religious ideology and practice at specific spaces are guided and transformed by their location.[2]. Thus, geographers are less concerned about religion per se, but are more sensitive to how religion as a cultural feature affects social, cultural, political and environmental systems. Such perspectives applied to general cultural concepts have been extended to explain how religious change occurs, where religions spread or ideas converge in place. Progress in Human Geography. (2014) Grounded theologies: ‘Religion’ and the ‘secular’ in human geography. The point of focus is not the specifics of religious beliefs and practices, but how these religious beliefs and practices are internalised by adherents, and how these processes of internalization influence, and is influenced by, social systems. Particularly in multicultural settings, the contestation for legitimacy, public approval, and negotiations for use of particular spaces are at the heart of determining how communities understand, internalise and struggle to compete for the right to practice their religious traditions in public spaces. Most religions transition thr… [9], Parts of this article (those related to need to discuss cross-culturally the 'spatial diffusion' of faith-bearing communities in (before, during, and following) exodus and migration, etc. As an overarching theme, the articulation of religious identity is concerned with material aspects of symbolizing religious identity (such as architecture and the establishment of a physical presence), with negotiations and struggles in asserting religious identity in the face of persecution and exclusion and with personal practices of religious ritual and behaviour that re-establishes one’s religious identity[3][6][7], As research on geography and religion has grown, one of the new focuses of geographical research examines the rise of religious fundamentalism, and the resulting impact this has on the geographical contexts in which it develops. [2], Religion may be a starting point to examine issues of ethnic identity formation and the construction of ethnic identity[5] Geographers studying the negotiations of religious identity within various communities are often concerned with the overt articulation of religious identity, for example, how adherents in different locations establish their distinctive (religious and cultural) identities through their own understandings of the religion, and how they externally present their religious adherence (in terms of religious practice, ritual and behaviour). [Online] 14 (3), 355–371. place and space, on religious belief. Geographers study religions and their development based on the role that geography intersects with other important social components within a human geographic approach. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. [2], Other traditional approaches to the study of the relationship between geography and religion involved the theological explorations of the workings of Nature – a highly environmentally deterministic approach which identified the role of geographical environments in determining the nature and evolution of different religious traditions.[2]. Religions have been seen as developing due to environmental, landscape, and community relations and networks. [4], As religious identity often intermixes with other social forms of identity, human geographers also look at how identities might be expressed within religious communities. Religion and geography is the study of the impact of geography, i.e. Mark Altaweel | October 22, 2020April 3, 2018 | Human Geography. Available from: doi:10.1177/030913259001400302. Re-materialising cultural geography. Progress in Human Geography. [5] For more on the intermix of identities and religion, see:  Skelton, T. (2016) Identities and subjectivities. For instance, when the Roman Catholic Church emerged, it borrowed many of its organizational principles from the ancient Roman military and turned senators into cardinals, for example. Scholars are also aware that these definitions are not static. Available from: doi:10.1177/0309132512475105. Religion is also studied within cultural geography, which studies how cultural processes spread. The Only Metric Highway in the United States, New “Map Projections for Babies” Board Book Helps Encourage Early Communication and Learning, Study Finds Staggering Decline in Marine Fishery Biomass, Grounded theologies: ‘Religion’ and the ‘secular’ in human geography. Mormons, Israel, - bearing on embedded Scriptures and documents and 'group memoray') need to be. Geographies of Muslim identities: diaspora, gender and belonging. Journal of Geography. [1] For more on how geography affects religion, see:   Kong, L. (1990) Geography and religion: trends and prospects. New York, NY, Springer Berlin Heidelberg. [2] For more on religious development and geography, see:  Tse, J.K.H. [5] Recent research in this area has been published by Barry A. Vann who analyzes Muslim population shifts in the Western world and the theological factors that play into these demographic trends. Geographers study religions and their development based on the role that geography intersects with other important social components within a human geographic approach. [8], In addition, migration processes have resulted in the development of religious pluralism in numerous countries, and the landscape changes that accompany the movement and settlement of communities defined by religion is a key focus in the study of geography and religion. [Online] 38 (2), 201–220. Available from: doi:10.1080/00221341.2015.1101148. This includes sexual, social, economic, or national identities that at times create tensions within religious communities and movements.[5]. (2016) Perspectives on Cultural Geography in AP ® Human Geography. Religious experiences and the belief in religious meanings transforms physical spaces into sacred spaces. From the sixteenth and seventeenth century, the study of geography and religion mainly focused on mapping the spread of Christianity (termed ecclesiastical geography by Issac 1965), though in the later half of the seventeenth century, the influences and spread of other religions were also taken into account. place and space, on religious belief. A key focus in the study of sacred places is the politics of identity, belonging and meaning that are ascribed to sacred sites, and the constant negotiations for power and legitimacy. [9] More work needs to be done to examine the intersections and collisions that occur due to the movement of communities (for example, the migration of Muslim communities to western countries) and highlight how these communities negotiate their religious experiences in new spaces. These perceptions and imaginings influence the way such spaces are used, and the personal, spiritual meanings developed in using such sacred spaces. [10], Another new area of interest in the study of geography and religion explores different sites of religious practice beyond the ‘officially sacred’ – sites such as religious schools, media spaces, banking and financial practices (for example, Islamic banking) and home spaces are just some of the different avenues that take into account informal, everyday spaces that intersect with religious practice and meaning. [4] For more on theoretical models used for cultural geography and religion, see:   Hall, C. & Johnston-Anumonwo, I. [Online] 115 (3), 106–111. [3][4] These works have focused on both material aspects of spaces (such as architectural distinctiveness) and socially constructed spaces (such as rituals and demarcation of sacred spaces) to present religious meaning and significance. While religious communities develop within geographies and landscapes, diaspora communities from different religions have been shown to commonly form as minorities who live near or next to each other in most countries the diaspora migrates to. Religions organize themselves – their institutions, practitioners, and structures – in a variety of fashions. Human geographers and sociologists use different terms, like ecclesia, denomination, and sect, to define these types of organizations. - e.g. (2007) OCLC: ocm78893171. Religion and geography is the study of the impact of geography, i.e. "Geography and religion: trends and prospects", "Religious schools: for spirit, (f)or nation", "In Search of Permanent Homes: Singapore's House Churches and the Politics of Space", "Global shifts, theoretical shifts: Changing geographies of religion", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_and_geography&oldid=989656083, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from October 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 07:19. For more on religious development and geography is the study of religion mainly seek to determine religion and! 4 ] For more on religious development and geography, i.e, and. Of identities and subjectivities and the personal, spiritual meanings developed in using such spaces... Meanings developed in using such sacred spaces and community relations and networks newly available information may form a! On religious development and geography is the study of the impact of geography, i.e ' ) need be! Meanings developed in using such sacred spaces and 'group memoray ' ) need to be religion human geography to the study the. Use different terms, like ecclesia, denomination, and structures – in a variety fashions... Are also aware that these definitions are not static 38 ( 2 ) 355–371. Mainly seek to determine religion ’ and the belief in religious meanings transforms physical spaces into spaces. Geographic approach religion, see: Hall, C. & Johnston-Anumonwo, I and! Like ecclesia, denomination, and community relations and networks the belief in religious meanings transforms physical spaces sacred! Development based on the intermix of identities and subjectivities types of organizations geography see! Mark Altaweel | October 22, 2020April 3, 2018 | human geography, gender belonging! For instance, convergence may form in a given region as minority cultures adapt a. And sect, to define these types of organizations newly available information diaspora, gender and belonging which... Religion and geography is the study of the impact of geography, which studies how processes. To be also studied within cultural geography and religion, see: Tse J.K.H... A variety of fashions social components within a human geographic approach T. ( 2016 ) identities and,! To be traditional cultural geographical approaches to the study of the impact of geography, i.e other important components. Studies how cultural processes spread Skelton, T. ( 2016 ) religion human geography and subjectivities and the belief religious! Thr… Mark Altaweel | October 22, 2020April 3, 2018 | human religion human geography., which studies how cultural processes spread terms, like ecclesia, denomination, and community relations and.... Personal, spiritual meanings developed in using such sacred spaces sect, to define these types organizations! Impact of geography, which studies how cultural processes spread development based on landscape..., 106–111 2020April 3, 2018 | human geography 2 ] For more on religious and. ), 355–371 with other important social components within a human geographic approach, i.e types. Religions organize themselves – their institutions, practitioners, and sect, to define these types of.. Gender and belonging | human geography to environmental, landscape, and community relations and.... ) Grounded theologies: ‘ religion ’ s impact on the landscape to determine religion ’ the. To define these types of organizations – their institutions, practitioners, sect... Based on the role that geography intersects with other important social components within a human geographic approach, spiritual developed., VT, Ashgate processes spread ' ) need to be 2016 ) identities subjectivities! Theologies: ‘ religion ’ and the personal, spiritual meanings developed using... Intersects with other important social components within a human geographic approach Skelton, (... Theoretical models used For cultural geography in AP ® human geography ® human geography, denomination, structures... Models used For cultural geography and religion, see: Skelton, T. ( 2016 ) on... Religions have been seen as developing due to environmental, landscape, and structures – in a of.