The Algiers landings also went according or even better than planned. For the Allies the Vichy French resistance was a mere inconvenience and not a real military problem. Due to the lack of resistance by the French in North Africa, the Germans immediately occupied southern France and seized the remainder of the French Fleet located in Toulon (Operation Lila). When France surrendered to Germany earlier in World War 2, the Germans agreed to allow southern France to remain free of occupying forces and to be governed from Vichy. This slideshow includes maps that appear in An Army at Dawn:. The Eastern and final task force which was under the command of General Ryder was to land at Algiers with 20, 000 troops. The Vichy government had their hands full with dealing with an attempted coup to handle the Allied invasion and by the end of the day the landings at Algiers began the city surrendered to the Allies. Successful completion of these operations was to be followed by an advance eastwards into Tunisia. The majority of the ships were scuttled at the dock; however, before the Germans could press them into service. Operation Torch - the Invasion of N orth A frica. It was the sniper fire of the French that proved far more difficult to deal with. The French colonies in the area were dominated by the French, formally aligned with Germany but of mixed loyalties.Reports indicated that they might support the Allies. Operation Torch (8 November 1942 – 13 May 1943) was an Allied invasion of French North Africa during the Second World War. In late October 1942 the British Eighth Army under General Bernard Montgomery launched an all-out attack on Axis forces west of El Alamein, Egypt. 23 Oct–11 Nov 1942British defeat Germansat El Alamein, 8–16 Nov 1942Operation Torch:Allies land inFrench North Africa. Operation Torch (8-11 November 1942) was the Allied invasion of Vichy occupied North Africa, and was the first significant land operation carried out by … Torch Landings. However, despite suffering up to 59,000 casualties to the Allies’ 13,560, the Axis managed an orderly retreat under Field Marshal Erwin Rommel.in wikipedia, On 8 November 1942 some 100,000 American, British, and Free French troops landed in Vichy French North Africa in Operation Torch. The plan that would later evolve into Operation Torch was to first make their way into North Africa and then later invade Sicily and move onto mainland Italy. Russia was constantly pushing the Allies to start a new front against the Axis in west Europe but in 1942 the Allies, mainly the British didn’t think that they were strong enough to attack Germany in Europe. Russia was constantly pushing the Allies to start a new front against the Axis in west Europe but in 1942 the Allies, mainly the British didn’t think that they were strong enough to attack Germany in Europe. A few ships of the French navy also tried to attack the Allied fleet but were quickly sunk or driven away and by November 9th the French troops had surrendered. The landings started on 8th November. Home - Book Shop - Wars - Battles - Biographies - Timeline - Weapons - Blog - Full Index - Subjects - Concepts - Country - Documents - Pictures & Maps . The German troops that were battling with Montgomery at El Alamein were now retreating in the direction of the now landed Allies, with seemingly nowhere else to retreat. These two countries were under the rule of Vichy France, which the Allies considered to be in collaboration with Germany so both of the African countries were legitimate targets for the Allies. After a few days of Vichy French resistance, Admiral François Darlan—the commander of all Vichy French forces and who happened to be in Algiers at the time—agreed to cooperate with the Allies.in wikipedia, defeated Rommel's Afrika Korps at El Alamein, other Allied forces made surprise landings in French Morocco and Algeria, persuading all of French North Africa to join them. The first planned targets of the Allies were Morocco and Algeria. The operation would result in a major victory for the Allies and would also include the first major airborne assault carried out by the United States during the war by the U.S. 509th Parachute Infantry Regiment. However having won the Battle of El Alamein in November they felt confident … The Western Task Force under the command of Major-General George Patton was chosen to land near Casablanca with some 35, 000 troops. Operation Torch was under the command of General Eisenhower and the headquarters were in Gibraltar. that the French troops would cooperate and wouldn’t resist the landings but the French did fire at the transport ships which drew quick counter-fire from the Allied naval fleet. Download map now! 8th to 12th Nov ember 1942. Operation Torch Video. All three landings during Operation Torch were extremely successful. After several days of heated battle, the Allies mounted Operation Supercharge early on the morning of 2 November, breaking through the Italo-German defenses and sending them into flight. Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean (8 November 1942 - El Alamein and Operation Torch: In November, the tide turned in the Western Desert Campaign when the British defeated Rommel's Afrika Korps at El Alamein. Note the Operation Torch-specific yellow border around the national insignia (80-G-K-15976). Rober Daniel Murphy located in Algiers at the time was assigned with the task to determine if and how cooperative the French army would be. Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress. Operation Torch Map (Overview) Operation Torch; November, 1942. In November, the tide turned in the Western Desert Campaign when the British defeated Rommel's Afrika Korps at El Alamein. The landings were conducted simultaneously around Casablanca in French Morocco and around the French Algerian cities of Oran and Algiers. However, the British feared the resentment of the French after they had inflicted massive damages on the French navy in Mers el Kebir in 1940. After the victory, British forces led by General Montgomery were to the east of Tunisia and the U.S. forces were located to the west effectively sandwiching Rommel in Tunisia. Andrew Cunningham (U.K.)George S. Patton (U.S.)Lloyd Fredendall (U.S.)Kenneth Anderson (U.K.)Henri d’Astier (Free France)José Aboulker (Free France)Axis PowersVichy France:François DarlanCharles NoguèsFrix MichelierGermany:Ernst Kals, Allies107,000(33,000 in Morocco,39,000 near Algiers,35,000 near Oran), Axis PowersVichy France: 60,000Germany: two submarines near Casablanca, Allies479+ dead720 woundedAxis Powers1,346+ dead1,997 wounded. HUNTER OBERLE, 4, center, follows his father CPT. Operation Torch (8-11 November 1942) was the Allied invasion of Vichy occupied North Africa, and was the first significant land operation carried out by American troops in the war against Germany. When the landings began there were no air or naval bombardments because the Allies hoped. Torch Landings. Just days later other Allied forces made surprise landings in French Morocco and Algeria, soon persuading all of French North Africa to join them.