Wood stove pollution in the developed world: a case to raise awareness among pediatricians.Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care. There are other costs to burning wood besides the negative effects on your health. The government will work with industry to ensure that this target is met and that appliances are tested in the right way. Don't burn particleboard, treated wood, stained wood, painted wood, or wet wood. Pollution Caused by Wood Burning Sanja Jelic, MD, is board-certified in sleep medicine, critical care medicine, pulmonary disease, and internal medicine. Wood smoke has been found to damage DNA in human cells. Wood-burning stoves and fireplaces are actually a major cause of environmental pollution and cause more than fifteen thousand house fires every year. due to residential wood burning had a 55% higher likelihood of developing dementia compared to those who were not living in an area polluted by wood smoke. According to the authors of the study, “This suggests that exposure to wood smoke particulate matter might be more hazardous than particulate matter collected from vehicle exhaust with respect to development of lung cancer.” (See below for more information on cancer and wood smoke. The situation is likely similar in other places where wood stove use is common. It damages lung, decreases lung function and leads to the development of chronic bronchitis and diseases such as. You might notice effects such as coughing and shortness of breath within a few days (and sometimes even within a few minutes) of exposure to the fumes. Reduced heart rate variability has been associated with sudden cardiac death. Wood smoke has health effects like lung cancer, wheezing and premature death, too. Wood smoke has been found to produce high levels of free radicals and DNA damage, as well as to promote inflammatory and oxidative stress response gene expression in human cells. COPD Triggers That May Worsen Your Symptoms, 5 Tips to Reduce Shortness of Breath in Cold Weather, How Secondhand Smoke Can Cause Many Illnesses, Discover the Signs and Symptoms of Emphysema. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Using your wood-burning stove with caution, then, becomes essential. Installing and maintaining a carbon monoxide detector. You should never smell smoke from your wood stove. A recent study found that when particulate pollution from residential wood burning was at its highest, the risk of heart attacks in seniors rose by 19%. Never start a fire in your wood stove with gasoline, kerosene, charcoal starter, or a propane torch. 2017;125(7):077011. doi:10.1289/EHP827, Oudin A, Segersson D, Adolfsson R, Forsberg B. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. air pollution and death rates between Santiago, Chile (where most particulates are from traffic) and Temuco, Chile (where the majority is from wood burning), found evidence that residents of Temuco faced a higher risk of death from cardiac and respiratory causes than in Santiago, even when particulate levels in the two cities were comparable. (, play a major part in the development of chronic and degenerative illnesses such as cancer, autoimmune disorders, cataracts, rheumatoid arthritis, cardiovascular diseases and neurodegenerative diseases. If you are a smoker, breathing wood smoke will reduce your lung function even more than from smoking alone, as well as increase your risk of smoking-related diseases such as chronic bronchitis and COPD. Only burn clean, dry wood that has been properly seasoned. A. found that when particulate pollution from residential wood burning was at its highest, the risk of heart attacks in seniors rose by 19%. Since the wood is burned outside, smoke rarely enters your home. Wood-burning stoves should be safer than an open fire because the flames and spitting logs are behind glass. This suggests that the source of pollution matters and that all particulate air pollution is perhaps not equally harmful when it comes to cardiovascular disease.”. Wood stoves and fireplaces are a surprisingly large source of cancer-related pollutants in our air. If you already have lung disease, smoke from wood-burning stoves can aggravate your symptoms. Wood-burning stoves may keep you warm and cozy, but they can also be hazardous to your health. It also can lower. By 2022, the EU has stipulated that all stoves must meet higher efficiency levels and new maximum emission limits (visit our page on buying a wood-burning stove to find out more). (For more information on chemicals in wood smoke, please see our Toxins page). This suggests that the source of pollution matters and that all particulate air pollution is perhaps not equally harmful when it comes to cardiovascular disease.”. Since the wood is burned outside, smoke rarely enters your home. Wood smoke has been found to damage DNA in human cells.Another study similarly found that particulate matter from wood smoke “generates more DNA damage than traffic-generated (particulate matter) per unit mass in human cell lines, possibly due to the high level of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons” in wood smoke. Environ Res. Pollution from wood stoves and fireplaces has been found to be the top cancer risk in Oregon’s air. This may suggest that wood smoke is also a risk factor for triggering autoimmune diseases. Those who had a wood stove in their home and who lived in neighborhoods where wood burning was common were 74% more likely to develop dementia over the course of the study. ), Increases Inflammation and Blood Clotting, Short-term exposure to wood smoke in healthy adults, to increase levels of inflammation and affect blood clotting. In fact, studies from the developing world have shown an association with wood smoke exposure and cataract, and. to produce high levels of free radicals and DNA damage, as well as to promote inflammatory and oxidative stress response gene expression in human cells. Wood smoke particles are mostly in the fine and ultrafine size range that are most easily inhaled and most damaging to health. Smoking and secondhand tobacco smoke exposure are known risk factors for cataracts and eye diseases such as age-related macular degeneration. Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. What you need to know about your wood-burning stove and heater. Wood smoke was found to be 30 times more potent at inducing tumors than cigarette smoke condensate in an animal study (see, Wood smoke is associated with the development of lung cancer (for example, see, that children, who absorb more of the carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (. ... try to avoid using of wood-burning fireplaces and wood-burning stoves,” says Dr. Cain. Wood smoke and your health. US Environmental Protection Agency. However, there is evidence that when the particulates come from wood smoke, rather than from other sources, the risk is even higher. Wood-burning stoves may keep you warm and cozy, but they can also be hazardous to your health. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Pollution from wood stoves and fireplaces has been found to be the top cancer risk in Oregon’s air. According to the American Lung Association, wood-burning stoves produce harmful toxins that can damage your lungs and increase the risk of cancer, heart disease, and premature death. came mostly from residential wood burning. The fumes from wood-burning stoves are especially dangerous if you have a respiratory condition, such as asthma., The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) advises limiting exposure to wood-burning stoves and their fumes and always adhering to safety precautions whenever you use them., The smoke from a wood-burning stove releases pollutants, mainly in the form of toxic gases and particle pollution. Wood smoke is associated with the development of lung cancer (for example, see here, here and here). Smoker, breathing wood smoke exposure are known risk factors for cataracts and eye diseases such as COPD bad the... You do if you plan to use a wood-burning stove and fireplace use and breast cancer in a cohort. 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