As an ornamental plant, it is used in classical East Asian garden design. (2006). sinensis (Pers.) [4][5] The generic name originated in Latin and was applied by Pliny the Elder to the unrelated Ziziphus lotus.[6]. Leaves and bark are used in Korean medicine to treat menstruation and lung abscess. The fruit is a globose drupe, 5–7(–8) mm in diameter. Caucasian hackberry (C. caucasica) with immature fruit, This article is about the genus of plants. Celtis sinensis var. The fruit is a small drupe 6–10 mm (1⁄4–3⁄8 in) in diameter, edible in many species, with a dryish but sweet, sugary consistency, reminiscent of a date. Diagnostically, Celtis can be very similar to trees in the Rosaceae and other rose motif families. Flowering occurs in March–April, and fruiting in September–October.[2]. Celtis is a genus of about 60–70 species of deciduous trees, commonly known as hackberries or nettle trees, widespread in warm temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, in southern Europe, southern and eastern Asia, and southern and central North America, south to central Africa, and northern and central South America. But, sometimes, they can get to be up to 130 feet (40 meters) tall. It is a declared noxious weed in many parts of eastern Australia. Male flowers are longer and fuzzy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Celtis australis, commonly known as the European nettle tree, Mediterranean hackberry, lote tree, or honeyberry, is a deciduous tree native to Southern Europe, North Africa, and Asia Minor. Native to slopes at altitudes of 100–1500 m in Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Zhejiang, Sichuan , as well as Korea (팽나무),[2] Japan and Taiwan. The genus is present in the fossil record at least since the Miocene of Europe, and Paleocene of North America and eastern Asia. Celtis willdenowiana Schult. The leaves are alternate, simple, 3–15 cm (1 1⁄4–6 in) long, ovate-acuminate, and evenly serrated margins. japonica (Planch.) Y.C.Tang. They have a height between 30 to 50 feet (or 9 to 15 meters) and they have a characteristically slender trunk. The berries of some, such as Celtis douglasii, are edible, and were consumed by the Mescalero Apaches.[8]. Kawahara Collection at Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Celtis sinensis bonsai at the Parc floral de Paris, Park, Kwang woo. The genus is present in the fossil record at least since the Miocene of Europe, and Paleocene of North America and eastern Asia. "Early Tertiary vegetation: evidence from spores and pollen. Celtis, genus of deciduous trees known as hackberries; Prunus padus, a species of cherry tree; Entomology. For other uses, see, A genus of flowering plants belonging to the hop and hemp family, (Florida (US), Mexico, Caribbean, Central and South America), (southwestern US / Texas, northern Mexico), (eastern Malesia, eastern Australia, Micronesia, western Polynesia), MacPhail, M. K., N. F. Alley, E. M. Truswell and I. R. K. Sluiter (1994). a number of brush-footed butterflies in the genus Asterocampa: . Nakai. Celtis sinensis ( English: Chinese hackberry; Chinese: 朴树) is a species of flowering plant in the hemp family, Cannabaceae, that is native to slopes in East Asia. Celtis is a genus of about 60–70 species of deciduous trees, commonly known as hackberries or nettle trees, widespread in warm temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, in southern Europe, southern and eastern Asia, and southern and central North America, south to central Africa, and northern and central South America. 《반응표면분석법을 이용한 팽나무 (Celtis sinensis Persoon) 의 최적 변색제거조건 결정》한국인간ㆍ식물ㆍ환경학회지, Vol.1 No.2| p. 74-84 Accessed in 2013-10-8, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Celtis_sinensis&oldid=902853956, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 June 2019, at 18:54. [1][2][3], Previously included either in the elm family (Ulmaceae) or a separate family, Celtidaceae, the APG III system places Celtis in an expanded hemp family (Cannabaceae). Some, including common hackberry (C. occidentalis) and C. brasiliensis, are honey plants and pollen source for honeybees of lesser importance. These include mainly brush-footed butterflies, most importantly the distinct genus Libythea (beak butterflies) and some Apaturinae (emperor butterflies): The plant pathogenic basidiomycete fungus Perenniporia celtis was first described from a Celtis host plant. Several species are grown as ornamental trees, valued for their drought tolerance. Problems with DNA barcodes for species delimitation: ‘ten species’ of, "Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Celtis&oldid=983653074, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Leaves and immature fruit of Chinese hackberry (, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 13:23. [3] It is a naturalized non-invasive species in North America. The tree was introduced to England in 1796. Some species of Celtis are threatened by habitat destruction. Hackberry wood is sometimes used in cabinetry and woodworking. Botany. Small flowers of this monoecious plant appear in early spring while the leaves are still developing. Hackberry trees are often thought of as medium-sized trees. Celtis tetrandra subsp. [2], It is a tree that grows to 20 m tall, with deciduous leaves and gray bark. Chinese hackberry (C. sinensis) is suited for bonsai culture, while a magnificent specimen in Daegu-myeon is one of the natural monuments of South Korea. Celtis species are used as food plants by the caterpillars of certain Lepidoptera. Celtis sinensis (English: Chinese hackberry; Chinese: 朴树) is a species of flowering plant in the hemp family, Cannabaceae, that is native to slopes in East Asia. 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