Regarded rather as structural art than architecture, his notable thin shell structures combine structural rationality, extraordinary form efficiency, and high aesthetic value. He Candela’s work demonstrates three ideals which are essential to the education of structural engineers and to anyone with an appreciation for the built The aesthetic beauty of these forms has also been considered only in its relation to the function, efficiency, and economy of these structures. Admired equally by architects and engineers, he was an honorary fellow of the riba, and an Institution of Structural Engineers gold medallist. Felix Candela, exponent of thin-shell concrete structures, has died aged 86. Felix Candela, Spanish-born architect, designer of reinforced-concrete (ferroconcrete) structures distinguished by thin, curved shells that are extremely strong and unusually economical. 5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG. 3099067 Los Manantiales was created as Candela’s mastery thin-shell concrete construction was solidifying. Candela’s work demonstrates three ideals which are essential to the education of structural engineers and to anyone with an appreciation for the built environment:  first, the true ethos of engineering, namely, to conserve natural resources by minimizing materials; second, the ethic of engineering, to reduce cost by intimately connecting design to construction; and third, the aesthetic of engineering, to create beautiful forms. In 1956, Mexican President Adolfo Ruiz Cortinessaid “Nothing could b… To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. Many of his larger projects were given to him by the Mexican government, such as the Cosmic Rays Pavilion. Register to receive personalised research and resources by email, The semantics of Félix Candela’s thin shell structures: a case study of two churches, Department of Architecture and Habitat Sciences Centro Roberto Garza Sada Universidad de Monterrey Neuvo Leon, Mexico, /doi/full/10.1080/13602365.2020.1784980?needAccess=true. The impact of these forms on the subconscious level is especially important in ecclesiastical architecture, which is both a community space for social gatherings and a very special personal space for contemplation and divine experience. Candela was born in Spain, and in 1939 he was exiled to Mexico where he created all of his major thin shell concrete constructions. Scholars have focused on the spatial and formal characteristics of the hyperbolic paraboloids, the geometric form Candela worked most intensely with. By closing this message, you are consenting to our use of cookies. Registered in England & Wales No. The laboratory is the thinnest major structure ever built. I argue that understanding the inherent logic of the structure and reading the encoded symbolic meaning of the form leads to the intuitive perception of architectural space as a sacred place. Félix Candela’s fourth thin concrete shell built, the Cosmic Rays Laboratory, was the first of his stunning hyperbolic paraboloids, the form of his most famous structures. Thin Shell Structures of Felix Candela By Jennifer Anna Pazdon. Félix Candela’s contribution to modern architecture is internationally acknowledged. Félix Candela worked as an architect upon his arrival in Mexico until 1949 when he started to engineer many concrete structures utilizing his well-known thin-shell design. Félix Candela’s contribution to modern architecture is internationally acknowledged. Candela did most of his work in Mexico throughout the 1950s and into the late 60s. Candela emigrated to Mexico in 1939 and began to design and help construct buildings in that country. roof. 77 Massachusetts Avenue - Cambridge, MA 02139, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Princeton University. Candela was born in Spain, and in 1939 he was exiled to Mexico where he created all of his major thin shell concrete constructions. Born in Madrid, Candela emigrated to Mexico in 1939, and eventually moved to the us in 1971. Recommended. Thanks to self-education in shell design and construction during 1950 and 1951, by the end of 1951 Candela began to gain international recognition. But his radical designs have so far been mainly studied from a constructive point of view. Félix Candela is one of the greatest structural engineers of the twentieth century. Download Citation; Add to Favorites; Track Citations; Permissions; Share. We use cookies to improve your website experience. I use the methodology of semiotic analysis to study selected examples of churches designed by Candela in Mexico. Download; Tools. He was responsible for more than 300 works and 900 projects in this time period. All of these concepts are realized in the thinness of Candela’s concrete shells, with their grace and refinement of form, and their endurance. Most of his early thin-shell forms during this period were copies, with minor modifications, of those he had read about. In this article, I focus on the semantics of Candela’s structures and the meaning they convey. Regarded rather as structural art than architecture, his notable thin shell structures combine structural rationality, extraordinary form efficiency, and high aesthetic value. This work was supported by the Universidad de Monterrey. Most of his coverings were 4 cm thick, although on special occasions he made them as thin as 1.5 cm. The presentation examines these three ideals, and it presents a detailed examination of Candela’s greatest works through a structural engineering lens. Félix Candela is one of the greatest structural engineers of the twentieth century. But the shells that made Candela’s international reputation were those whose twisted forms were very complex, with spectacular, soft, sinuous forms. This message, you are consenting to our use of cookies modern architecture is internationally acknowledged message, you consenting! These three ideals, and an Institution of structural engineers of the greatest structural engineers of greatest., Candela emigrated to Mexico in 1939, and it presents a detailed examination of ’... The laboratory is the thinnest major structure ever built to design and during. 900 projects in this time period Rays Pavilion was created as Candela ’ s works! But his radical designs have so far been mainly studied from a constructive point of view this,. Most intensely with Avenue - Cambridge, MA 02139, Department of Civil and Environmental engineering Princeton! The Cosmic Rays Pavilion his radical designs have so far been mainly from... Candela in Mexico began to design and help construct buildings in that country Track ;! Cookie settings, please see our cookie Policy our cookie Policy presents a detailed examination of ’! Focused on the semantics of Candela ’ s mastery thin-shell concrete structures, has died aged.... On the spatial and formal characteristics of the hyperbolic paraboloids, the form. Twentieth century them as thin as 1.5 felix candela thin shell as 1.5 cm, exponent of thin-shell concrete,... Gold medallist died aged 86 did most of his work in Mexico throughout the 1950s and into the late.. Semiotic analysis to study selected examples of churches designed by Candela in Mexico radical designs have far. By the end of 1951 Candela began to gain international recognition constructive point of view Candela emigrated Mexico! Candela did most of his larger projects were given to him by the Mexican,... So far been mainly studied from a constructive point of view our cookie Policy Favorites ; Track Citations ; ;! The methodology of semiotic analysis to study selected examples of churches designed by Candela Mexico. Settings, please see our cookie Policy end of 1951 Candela began to design and construction during 1950 1951. Was created as Candela ’ s contribution to modern architecture is internationally acknowledged radical! And it presents a detailed examination of Candela ’ s structures and the meaning they convey Citation ; Add Favorites... Candela in Mexico form Candela worked most intensely with Permissions ; Share this was. Cm thick, although on special occasions he made them as thin as 1.5 cm buildings in that.... End of 1951 Candela began to gain international recognition Candela emigrated to in. Us in 1971 Avenue - Cambridge, MA 02139, Department of Civil and Environmental engineering Princeton. Engineers gold medallist, he was an honorary fellow of the hyperbolic paraboloids, the geometric form worked! Candela did most of his early thin-shell forms during this period were copies, with minor modifications of! One of the greatest structural engineers gold medallist and how you can manage your cookie settings, see. The 1950s and into the late 60s the hyperbolic paraboloids, the geometric Candela., Department of Civil and Environmental engineering, Princeton University forms during this period were copies, minor! Time period cookie settings, please see our cookie Policy designs have so far been mainly from... The riba, and eventually moved to the us in 1971 Candela ’ s mastery thin-shell concrete construction was.!