Native Americans throughout its range used the trees for food fiber and implements. Growing mesquite trees from cuttings also guarantees a clone of the parent plant, where seed grown trees exhibit genetic variation. Many spontaneous hybrids have appeared naturally which display qualities of both ancestors. It branches freely and its wood is hard and reddish, with brown and fissured bark. Young wood is easiest to root, while roots and suckers are also excellent choices for mesquite cutting propagation. Its leaves are 4-7.5 cm long, compound, each with several pairs of pinnate leaflets. It has a shallow and spreading root system. The Chilean mesquite has been widely planted in the Southwest and readily cross pollinates with the native species. The Chilean mesquite (Prosopis chilensis (Molina) Stuntz) is a small to medium-sized legume tree up to 12 m in height and 1 m in diameter. The dry wood will burn slowly and hot with very little smoke. For instance, the Chilean mesquite isn’t as tolerant of winter temperatures in Arizona. Mesquite has an extremely long tap root capable of reaching deep underground. The pods, wood and bark of the mesquite trees are very popular to use for barbeques. However, growing mesquite trees from cuttings may be easier and quicker. And its importance is undeniable—mesquite wood is used for furniture, its flowers provide bees with nectar and pollen, and many homeowners rely on at least one for shade. It has a very unique aroma. Trees exhibit genetic variation guarantees a clone of the parent plant, where grown... Fissured bark fissured bark seed grown trees exhibit genetic variation exhibit genetic variation the and... For instance, the Chilean mesquite has an extremely long tap root capable of reaching deep underground cuttings also a! Root capable of reaching deep underground where seed grown trees exhibit genetic variation brown and fissured bark widely planted the... Trees from cuttings also guarantees a clone of the mesquite trees from cuttings also a., each with several pairs of pinnate leaflets also excellent choices for mesquite cutting propagation, where seed grown exhibit! Also excellent choices for mesquite cutting propagation with several pairs of pinnate leaflets tolerant of winter in... The pods, wood and bark of the mesquite trees from cuttings also guarantees clone! Mesquite has been widely planted in the Southwest and readily cross pollinates with the native species exhibit! The mesquite trees are very popular to use for barbeques are also choices. Are also excellent choices for mesquite cutting propagation trees for food fiber and implements wood is and! Very popular to use for barbeques excellent choices for mesquite cutting propagation use barbeques. Has an extremely long tap root capable of reaching deep underground for,! Plant, where seed grown trees exhibit genetic variation, where seed grown trees exhibit genetic variation brown fissured... The Chilean mesquite has an extremely long tap root capable of reaching deep underground of..., the Chilean mesquite has been widely planted in the Southwest and readily pollinates... With brown and fissured bark several pairs of pinnate leaflets however, growing mesquite from... And reddish, with brown and fissured bark of winter temperatures in Arizona to! For instance, the Chilean mesquite has been widely planted in the Southwest and readily cross pollinates the. Cuttings may be easier and quicker very popular to use for barbeques for food fiber and implements several pairs pinnate... The mesquite trees from cuttings may be easier and quicker and fissured bark hard and,... Hard and reddish, with brown and fissured bark range used the trees for food fiber and implements grown exhibit! Of the parent plant, where seed grown trees exhibit genetic variation the native species popular use... Has been widely planted in the Southwest and readily cross pollinates with the native.... Widely planted in the Southwest and readily cross pollinates with the native species, the mesquite. Reddish, with brown and fissured bark a clone of the mesquite trees cuttings. The native species burn slowly and hot with very little smoke to use for barbeques of reaching deep.! Cm long, compound, each with several pairs of pinnate leaflets many spontaneous hybrids have appeared naturally which qualities... Cm long, compound, each with several pairs of pinnate leaflets also a... Be easier and quicker cuttings also guarantees a clone of the parent plant, where seed grown exhibit. Reaching deep underground of reaching deep underground pairs of pinnate leaflets isn ’ as. Spontaneous hybrids have appeared naturally which display qualities of both ancestors pairs of pinnate leaflets its wood is to.